Cough is described as a protective reflex that protects the lungs from aspiration and helps to dispel secretions found in the airways (Giniş et al, 2010). On the other hand, in cases that are idiopathic and do not respond to treatment, chronic cough is considered a disease.
Chronic cough is one of the common health problems, asthma and gastroesophageal reflux disease is one of the most common causes of coughing in adults (male, 2013).
Symptoms and clinical table
The symptoms of cough and the clinical picture are similar to those of accompanying diseases such as sleep apnea, asthma. In addition, the symptoms of childhood cough are as shown in Table 1.
Cough in children is one of the most common causes of hospitalization. In childhood, viral infections often cause coughing. In addition, environmental factors such as air pollution, irritant gases, humidity and cigarette exposure can also cause coughing (Giniş et al, 2010).
In the treatment of cough, a cause-based treatment approach and an alternative empirical treatment approach are applied. However, the guidelines suggest a treatment approach in which both methods are integrated. Failure to improve in idiopathic cough cases has led to the appearance of cough as a disease, not a symptom (Manol, 2013). The diagnosis and treatment algorithm in the presence of cough is as in Figure 1.
Giniş T, Doğru M, Özmen S and Bostancı İ. (2010). “Cough in Children”. Children's Journal, 10 (3), 110-115.