Spreading rapidly across the globe and causing thousands of deaths, COVID-19 threatens many people, mainly chronic lung patients. Patients with COPD are the most at-risk group due to their age and frequent stories of additional disease. B. Asthma, chronic cardiovascular disease patients, smokers, chronic kidney failure, such as those with a weakened immune system risk is very high. Patients lose their lives due to respiratory failure. Corona virus causes severe pneumonia in the lung and then Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Thus, the severely damaged lung cannot clear the blood adequately and provide adequate oxygen to the tissues. High oxygen needs of the brain, heart, kidneys, especially the multi-organ failure begins and the patient loses his life. In patients with damaged or non-healthy lungs, the disease is therefore severe.

In our country 5 million COPD and 6 million B. There are asthma sufferers. Prevention of contact with the virus is the main target in these patient groups. Contact and isolation guidelines need to be in complete control of their disease to minimize the risk of death in these patients. It is very important for asthma and COPD patients not to smoke, careful use of detergent and cleaning materials with excess dissolved chemicals in the home, reduction of allergen exposures and regular use of their medicines to ensure control.

Many patients are hesitant to use their medicines because they worry that their respiratory medication contains steroids (cortisone) and will weaken immunity. However, these drugs are important agents in the control of diseases. It is very important not to skip the doses of drugs during these periods and to use them with care. Patients whose control is impaired, such as shortness of breath, cough, increased phlegm complaints, can be monitored with the doctor to increase the drug doses.

There is no vaccine yet, although studies of the corona virus vaccine are ongoing. There is no protection for pneumococcal (pneumonia vaccine) and flu vaccines. Therefore, the most effective method is to avoid contact with patients.

There is no anti-viral drug specific to conovirus yet. Drugs used in other viral infections have been tried and no positive results have been obtained. For now, it is recommended to control fever of infected individuals involving only symptomatic treatments, to prevent possible fluid losses, and to provide respiratory and oxygen support when necessary.

Do antibiotics work in a corona virus infection?
When Viral pneumonia develops, lung function deteriorates and becomes open to other bacterial or fungal infections, at-risk patients should be treated with antibiotics to prevent these secondary infections.

What is Corona virus?
It is a single-stranded, enveloped RNA virus. The virus is called the Corona (Crown) virus because it resembles the crown. This virus infections belonging to the family include SARS in 2003 and MERS outbreaks in Saudi It is a single-stranded, enveloped RNA virus. The virus is called the Corona (Crown) virus because it resembles the crown. Infections belonging to this family of viruses appeared in outbreaks of SARS in 2003 and MERS in Saudi Arabia in 2019 , causing thousands of people to die from pneumonia.This new Coronavirus, first seen in China in December 2019, is being treated by the World Health Organization (who)) it has been identified as 2019-nCoV by and the disease developing with this virus has been called Covid-19.

How long is nCoV incubation period?
In other words, incubation period is called incubation period until complaints occur after the virus is infected. According to the available information, the incubation period for 2019-nCoV varies between 2-14 days.

What Are The Symptoms Of The Disease?
In 90% of the patients infected with Covid-19, fever and 85% of the patients reported cough. This is followed by 45% shortness of breath, which starts a week later. Since the data are collected from proven cases of the disease, it is estimated that mild flu-like symptoms are present in patients who are not admitted to hospital.

Who Is At Risk?
Patients with COPD are the most at-risk group due to their age and frequent stories of additional disease. The patient's immune system determines the development and course of the disease after being infected with the virus. B. Chronic lung patients such as asthma and COPD, chronic cardiovascular patients, chronic kidney failure, such as those with weakened immune system disease, health personnel and individuals over the age of 65 are high at risk. Publications showing that smokers also had a 4-14-fold increased risk of death compared to non-smokers.

What Are The Methods Of Prevention Of Disease? Is there a Coronavirus vaccine?
There is no vaccine yet, although studies of the corona virus vaccine are ongoing. Therefore, the most effective method is to avoid contact with patients. As with all virus infections, the risk of transmission of the disease can be reduced by frequent and adequate washing of hands, not touching eyes, nose and face without washing our hands, staying away from closed and crowded environments, using a mask in case of suspected disease.

Is there a treatment for coronavirus (2019-nCoV))?
There is no anti-viral drug specific to conovirus yet. Drugs used in other viral infections have been tried and no positive results have been obtained. For now, it is recommended to control fever of infected individuals involving only symptomatic treatments, to prevent possible fluid losses, and to provide respiratory and oxygen support when necessary.

What type of mask should be used to prevent coronavirus?
Ordinary surgical masks are known to provide no effective protection against Coronavirus. The type of mask that provides protection against the virus are N95 masks, which have a thicker structure than known surgical masks and filter at least 95% of airborne particles.

When should I see a doctor?
People who travel to countries where the disease is known to be widespread, such as China, Italy, Iran, or have close contact with those with a history of travel should contact their health care provider in the presence of at least one of the symptoms of fever, cough, shortness of breath. Especially those over 65 who have chronic diseases even if there is no history of contact, they should contact a doctor as soon as possible in the presence of fever, cough, shortness of breath.

How Does The Corona Virus Cause Death?
Corona virus causes severe pneumonia in the lung and then Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Thus, the severely damaged lung cannot clear the blood adequately and provide adequate oxygen to the tissues. High oxygen needs of the brain, heart, kidneys, especially the multi-organ failure begins and the patient loses his life.

How is corona virus infection treated?
There is no anti-viral drug specific to conovirus yet. However, in pneumonia and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), losses from multiple organ failure can be prevented by providing oxygenation of organs by means of breathing apparatus (mechanical ventilator) and high oxygen support. Maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance due to organ failure and preventing secondary bacterial pneumonia antibiotic treatments are given for.

Do antibiotics work in a corona virus infection?
When Viral pneumonia develops, lung function deteriorates and becomes open to other bacterial or fungal infections, at-risk patients should be treated with antibiotics to prevent these secondary infections.

Who is at the highest risk ?
Patients who smoke and have COPD, patients who are monitored with lung cancer, uncontrolled asthma patients are the highest risk group due to their age and co-infection. These patients should pay attention to the basic isolation rules, do not interfere with their medication, and should be able to communicate with the doctor when they are monitored for increased fever or shortness of breath.