Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer in our country, as in the whole world. About two-thirds of lung cancers are at an advanced stage when they are diagnosed. It proceeds mostly quietly. In some patients, it gives early symptoms. When these symptoms are taken into account and early treatment is most effective early in the disease can be caught. The most common symptoms of lung cancer are cough, bloody sputum, chest pain, hoarseness, unknown cause of weight loss, shortness of breath, new emerging wheezing, treatment difficulties experienced and recurrent pneumonia. Other than these symptoms, unilateral eyelid reduction, numbness in the arm, pain, weakness , novelization, and head and neck edema can be applied. All these signs and symptoms may vary depending on the location and size of the tumor. Lung cancer often spreads to the bones, brain and adrenal glands. When splashed on the bones, it can cause fractures that develop independently of pain and trauma. Epilepsy seizures, personality changes, vision loss can be seen in metastases developing in the brain. Tumors may cause nausea, vomiting, weakness, confusion, and upset metabolism by disrupting the substances they secrete and the vital minerals such as klasium and sodium, where they spread outside of the local effect.
Cough is the most common complaint among these symptoms. Extreme caution should be exercised when it lasts longer than three weeks or when the current cough becomes severe and increases in frequency. A lesion that develops inside the windpipe may first start as a dry cough and turn into a sputum cough and bloody cough as it grows. Behind the drainage of the damaged airway can cause pneumonia to develop, wheezing. The majority of smokers do not care for the patients, but the increase in the amount of sputum removed within days , bloody sputum, and vulgarity in the respiratory sounds heard when coughing is very important, especially in groups of smokers. A cough that develops due to the tumor does not differ with day or night meals. The response to cough medicine is also very small.
Approximately one-third of tumours originate from the airway, and uncontrolled proliferating cells rich in vasculature tend to bleed. Lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. Pneumonia develops in the lung areas where the bronchus opens, which is blocked by the tumor. If this pneumonia does not heal radiologically and clinically or recurs, endoscopic inclasma of bronchi called bronchoscopy should be done. Bronchoscopy should be done in case of bloody sputum and recurrence of pneumonia in individuals over forty years of age who smoke.
Shortness of breath is defined as us noticing our breathing, which we normally perform unwittingly. Wheezing is also added to the shortness of breath in the main windpipe within the major Airways. As long as the tumor does not take up too much space in the lung areas where gas exchange is provided, it can occur only in intense exercise and without any effort, depending on its prevalence and location.
Symptoms of lung cancer include:
If the tumor is located in the lung membrane or chest wall, chest pain, which increases with deep breathing, may be mostly unilateral and lasting for hours. This type of pain is also often poor response to painkillers. Fluid often occurs in lung membrane involvement and fluid pressing on the lung can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, shoulder pain. As the amount of fluid increases, it can be accompanied by an increase in the number of breaths, inability to lie flat, bruising on the lips.
A tumor that develops in the upper lobes of the lungs can press on the nerves, causing hoarseness, eyelid miscarriage, pay on the face and upper torso. One-sided eyelid miscarriage, the development of diameter difference in the pupil can be a silent symptom of nerve chains. In patients without a cause such as hoarseness, infection or reflux, a doctor's examination of hoarseness lasting longer than ten days is recommended.
Early detection of lung cancer saves lives, as does every type of cancer. Smokers, family history of cancer, exposure to toxic substances in the professional groups of employees annual lung Graphis, high-risk groups over the age of 55 with low-dose tomography scan, the cause of unexplained cough and recurrent pneumonia bronchoscopic examination is recommended.